Rizzo, normally the first baseman, was playing in to protect against the bunt with a runner on 1st and the pitcher up, while normal second baseman Ben Zobrist was holding the runner on at the first base bag. Pirates manager Clint Hurdle protested to the umpires that Zobrist was now the first baseman, making Rizzo's mitt illegal (see George Crowe, #5 below). The umpires agreed, forcing Rizzo to change to a normal lefty glove and Zobrist to a righty first baseman's mitt. After a sacrifice bunt, Rizzo and Zobrist got their old mitts/gloves back and returned to their usual positions. More details here. 2. Don Mattingly, New York Yankees, August 18, 1983.
The classic Pine Tar game of July 24 was resumed 25 days later with 2 outs in the top of the 9th. The Yankees were without that game's starting 2nd baseman, Bert Campaneris, who had been placed on the disabled list on August 5. (Pitcher Ron Guidry replaced starting center fielder Jerry Mumphrey, who had been traded to Houston the previous week.) Campaneris was due up 1st in the bottom of the 9th, so manager Billy Martin replaced him with his best available offensive player, rookie Don Mattingly, batting .329. After a Hal McRae strikeout ended the Royals 9th, Mattingly flew out to center to lead off the bottom of the 9th.
Marquez never actually played an inning at 2nd base. Oakland manager Dick Williams was dissatisfied with the offensive performance of his regular 2nd basemen, and would pinch-hit for them whenever they came to the plate. On both May 4 and 5, road games at Cleveland, Marquez, normally a 1st baseman, was listed at 2nd base and batted 2nd in the order, batted in the top of the 1st inning, and then replaced in the field by Dick Green.
McDowell, a left-handed pitcher, had struck out 12 Washington Senators and was leading 6-4, but faced a second-and-third, 2 out jam in the 8th, with powerful righties Frank Howard and Rick Reichardt due to bat. Wanting a right-hander to pitch to Howard and Reichardt, but not wanting to lose McDowell for the rest of the game, Cleveland manager Alvin Dark shifted 2nd baseman Eddie Leon to 3rd base, moved McDowell to 2nd base, and brought in Dean Chance to pitch. After an intentional walk to Howard, Reichardt grounded to third, where Leon fielded the ball and threw to McDowell at 2nd for the force out. The strategy would pay off, as McDowell struck out the side in the 9th.
Crowe, the starting 1st baseman, swapped positions with 2nd baseman Johnny Temple with a runner on 1st, no outs, and pitcher John Briggs batting in the 2nd inning to defense against a possible bunt. Briggs hit into a double play, Crowe to Temple, and both fielders returned to their normal positions for the rest of the game. The Cubs protested, as Crowe used his normal first base mitt while playing 2nd base. Though the protest was denied (the Cubs won the game anyway), National League President Warren Giles ruled that first basemen moving to other positions had to switch to a normal glove.
6. Walter "Lefty" Stewart, Washington Senators, July 11, 1933.
Stewart, normally a starting pitcher, was a mere placeholder in the lineup for this game. Senators manager Joe Cronin originally planned to send out a right-handed-batting lineup, as the White Sox had warmed up a lefty, Walter Miller. But White Sox righty pitcher Joe Heving took batting practice, and Cronin saw the possibility that the White Sox might switch pitchers at the last minute, giving them the platoon advantage.
To avoid wasting his righty batters, Cronin submitted a lineup with Stewart batting 3rd, playing 2B, and pitcher Earl Whitehill batting 6th, playing RF. Stewart and Whitehill took the field, but when the White Sox submitted a lineup with Miller pitching, both were pulled before a pitch was thrown. The strategy would have no effect; the White Sox took a quick 8-0 lead and won 9-3, with Miller pitching a complete game 8-hitter.
Note: the New York Times box score does not list Stewart or Whitehill.
7. Jim Bottomley, St. Louis Cardinals, August 29, 1924.
Regular 2nd baseman Rogers Hornsby left the game with an injured back after the fourth inning. Ray Blades took his place at 2nd, but Blades was ejected after striking out in the top of the 9th. Center fielder Heinie Mueller moved to 1st base, and 1st baseman Bottomley moved to 2nd.
8. Edd Roush, Cincinnati Reds, October 3, 1920.
It was the last day of the regular season, and a meaningless game for both the Reds and Cardinals. The Reds had played a tripleheader (the third and last tripleheader in major league history) in Pittsburgh the day before.
At some point in this 12-inning game, 4 Reds, including Roush, moved from their normal positions to ones they hadn't played all year. The Cincinnati Enquirer game report is unclear as to exactly when this happened; the article notes that Roth moved to 3B, Groh to SS, and Kopf to 2B when "the game was half over," which could mean the top of the 5th, 6th, or 7th. Kopf and Roush exchanged positions "the next inning," but moved back to their original positions "after the Card[inal]s had tied the score," which could mean at some point in the top of the 9th or to start the top of the 10th.
NFL games in which the winner of the overtime coin toss chose to not receive [Updated]
In 2002, Detroit Lion coach Marty Mornhinweg was roundly criticized for choosing to take the wind after winning the coin toss in overtime against the Bears, and it was cited in his firing at the end of the season (a 5-27 record didn't help much). No coach has done so since (until November 2013). But how many times has a coach chosen the wind instead of the ball? Why did he do so? What were the results? 1. 12/23/1962: Dallas Texans 20, Houston Oilers 17 (AFL Championship Game) Who: Hank Stram, Dallas Why: strong wind, blowing in the direction of the south-end zone clock. What had happened: Houston rallied from down 17-0 to tie. The toss: After winning the toss, Abner Haynes, Dallas captain, told referee Harold Bourne that “We’ll kick to the clock.” Unfortunately for the Texans, he could not choose both options, and by starting with “We’ll kick,” Haynes committed the Texans to kicking off. The Oilers, of course, chose the wind. What followed: The Dallas defense stopped the Oilers three times, forcing a punt and picking off George Blanda twice. In the second overtime, with the Texans now having the wind at their back, Tommy Brooker made a 25-yard FG, giving the Texans the 1962 AFL Championship.
2. 12/20/1981: at New York Giants 13, Dallas 10 Who: Tom Landry, Dallas Why: 15 mph wind with gusts to 23, bitter cold. Giants kicker Joe Danelo had missed from 21 and 27 against the wind in regulation, after not missing from inside 36 all season (12 of 12). He also missed a 32-yarder, but it was nullified by a penalty. What had happened: Danelo made a 40-yard FG with the wind to tie the game with 30 seconds left. What followed: The Giants went nowhere on their first drive, punting to the Dallas 40. Two plays later, Lawrence Taylor recovered a botched pitch to Tony Dorsett, giving the Giants the ball at the Dallas 40. After a 23-yard bootleg by Scott Brunner, the Giants were in good position to win, but Danelo’s 33-yard FG hit the right upright. Dallas would turn the ball over three plays later, Byron Hunt intercepting Danny White and returning it to the Dallas 24. Danelo made a 35-yard FG three plays later to win.
3. 11/30/1986: at Chicago 13, Pittsburgh 10 Who: Mike Ditka, Chicago Why: 17 mph wind, one of the best defenses in NFL history, Jim McMahon out for the season What followed: After a touchback, the Steelers went 3 and out, gaining 0 yards. Mark Malone threw 2 passes described as “wounded ducks” by Ditka. Chicago returned the Steelers punt to its 49. After a 29-yard pass from Mike Tomczak to Keith Ortego on the Bears’ first play, Kevin Butler kicked a 42-yard FG to win. Of note: According to Bears safety Dave Duerson, the referees were confused when the Bears decided to kick rather than receive. Said Duerson, “I think the refs wanted to talk us out of it.”
4. 11/30/1986: at Cleveland 13, Houston 10 Who: Jerry Glanville, Houston Why: 20 mph wind, with gusts up to 30. What had happened: Oliver Luck replaced an injured Warren Moon (5 of 23, 68 yards, 4 interceptions) and led the Oilers to the tying TD with 50 seconds left, throwing an 11-yard pass to Ray Wallace. What followed: Houston forced a punt, taking possession on its own 39. After driving the Oilers to the Browns’ 35, Luck was intercepted by Frank Minnifield at the Browns’ 21. After another Oilers defensive stop and a punt to the Oilers’ 34, Minnifield intercepted Luck again, returning it to the Oilers’ 37. Mark Moseley, in his first game with the Browns, would kick a 29-yard FG to win the game 9 plays later.
5. 12/6/1987: at New York Giants 23, Philadelphia 20 Who: Bill Parcells, Giants Why: 14 mph wind, with gusts. 7 of 8 scores during regulation were scored by the team with the wind, with the exception coming 2 plays into the 4th quarter. What had happened: The Eagles came back from a 20-6 deficit with two long TD passes (36 and 40) in the last 3:32. What followed: The Eagles were completely ineffective in overtime, running 18 plays for a total of negative 3 yards. Possession by possession, the Giants gained field position, with a 59-yard Sean Landeta punt pinning the Eagles at their own 4, followed by an Eagles punt returned by Phil McConkey to the Eagles’ 33. Seth Joyner blocked a 50-yard Raul Allegre FG, but the Eagles would go 3-and-out yet again. After a 36-yard Simms to Bavaro pass, Allegre would hit from 28 for the win. Of note: Eagles punter John Teltschik set an NFL record (since broken) by punting 15 times in the game.
6. 10/9/1988: Denver 16, at San Francisco 13 Who: Dan Reeves, Denver Why: swirling wind. Said Bill Walsh, “It looked like a beautiful day, and then all hell broke loose. I've never seen wind like that in the 10 years I've been here.” The wind was so unpredictable that at one point in the third quarter, the teams combined to run on 29 straight plays (18 by San Francisco and 11 by Denver). What had happened: Rich Karlis missed a 34-yard FG with two seconds left in regulation. Said Karlis, “I aimed for the middle, and that was my mistake. I thought I hit it good, but it took off. This wasn't a day to hit a golf ball or kick a football.” What followed: Steve Young threw interceptions on both possessions, the second of which was returned by Steve Wilson to the 49ers’ 5. One play later, Karlis kicked a 22-yarder to win. Of note: Jerry Rice, who had seen passes intended for him randomly sail away or stop dead, quoted after the game: “We need a dome.” More: Reeves tried to take the wind in a 1985 overtime against the Raiders, but team captain Barney Chavous misunderstood and chose to receive. The Broncos lost 17-14.
7. 12/11/1988: at New England 10, Tampa Bay 7 Who: Ray Perkins, Tampa Bay Why: 25 mph wind, -25 degree windchill. Tampa’s John Carney had missed a 33-yarder into the wind earlier in the game. What had happened: Tampa scored on a two play, 41-yard drive to tie the game with 2:09 remaining. What followed: The Patriots returned the kickoff to their own 35, and proceeded to drive down the field for only the second time all game, highlighted by a 26-yard Tony Eason to Irving Fryar pass. The drive was capped by a 27-yard Jason Staurovsky FG. Of note: Winston Moss, Bucs linebacker, on how the cold hampered communication: “(Eugene) Marve would call the defensive signals and it sounded like he was going, `Ubba-ubba-ubba.’”
8. 12/2/1990, at Chicago 23, Detroit 17 Who: Mike Ditka, Chicago Why: Swirling 20 mph wind, better defense than offense. Ditka: "We just thought it was best to put our defense out there and play." What had happened: Chicago tied the game on a 19-yard field goal with 33 seconds left. What followed: The Lions returned the kickoff to the 35 and drove to the Bears 17, but Eddie Murray missed a 35-yard field goal wide left. The Bears responded with a 50-yard Jim Harbaugh to Neal Anderson touchdown pass. Of note: The official gamebook makes no note of the Bears' decision to take the wind, and the last 25 editions of the NFL Record & Fact Bookhave claimed the Lions won the toss.
9. 10/26/1997, Denver 23, at Buffalo 20 Who: Mike Shanahan, Denver Why: 15 mph wind, freezing rain What had happened: Buffalo rallied from 20-0 4th quarter deficit behind backup QB Alex Van Pelt, capping off the comeback with a 55-yard Steve Christie FG with 8 seconds left. What followed: An exchange of punts left Buffalo on its own 1. The Bills drove to their own 32, but a botched reverse option pass, fumbled by Andre Reed, lost 20 yards. After a punt, the Broncos took 9 plays to set up Jason Elam’s 33-yard game-winner.
10. 12/17/2000, New England 13, at Buffalo 10 Who: Wade Phillips, Buffalo Why: 32 mph wind with 50 mph gusts, 35 degrees at kickoff, driving snow. What had happened: Lee Johnson bobbled the snap on Adam Vinatieri’s potential game-winner with 1 second left, resulting in the 27-yarder falling well short. What followed: After the Patriots turned the ball over on downs at the Bills’ 31, the Bills drove to the Patriots’ 12. However, Steve Christie’s 30-yard attempt was blocked by Chad Eaton. After a long New England drive, Vinatieri would make a 24-yarder with 23 seconds left. Of note: "I think they just need a dome," Vinatieri said. "That would help me out. Any time you come to Buffalo, you have to expect some crummy weather, especially at the end of the season. I'm just glad I only have to play here once a year." More: The game was quickly overshadowed by Ty Law’s arrest for Ecstasy possession at the Canadian border the next morning.
11. 11/24/2002, at Chicago 20, Detroit 17 Who: Marty Mornhinweg, Detroit. Why: 17 mph wind. What had happened: Chicago came back from a 17-7 4th quarter deficit with two scores in the last 2:33. What followed: Chicago returned the kickoff to its own 35, crossed midfield 2 plays later, and eventually kicked a 40-yard FG. Inexplicably, Detroit decided to accept a Chicago holding penalty instead of an incomplete pass on 3rd and 8 from the Detroit 35, despite the wind. Chicago then completed 15 and 5 yard passes to get the first down. After the game, Paul Edinger, the Bears kicker, stated 43 yards was “his outer limit.” Aftermath: Goodbye, Marty.
12. 11/24/2013, at New England 34, Denver 31. Who: Bill Belichick, New England. Why: 20 mph wind, new overtime rules eliminating game-ending first-drive field goals. What had happened: New England came back from a 24-0 halftime deficit. What followed: New England's second punt of overtime hit a Denver blocker and New England recovered at the Denver 13. After two runs to center the ball and take time off the clock, Stephen Gostkowski made a 31-yard FG to win.
13. 11/8/2015, at Minnesota 21, St. Louis 18. Who: Mike Zimmer, Minnesota. Why: 15-25 mph winds from the south, new overtime rules eliminating game-ending first-drive field goals, strong-legged kickers (the Rams' Greg Zuerlein kicked a 61-yarder in the second quarter with the wind at his back), defense-dominated game, Vikings starting QB Teddy Bridgewater out with an injury. What had happened: St. Louis tied the game on a 53-yard field goal with 12 seconds left in regulation. What followed: The Rams lost 6 yards on their first drive and punted to midfield. On the ensuing possession. the Vikings ran on 5 of 6 plays before kicking the game-winning 40-yard field goal.
14. 12/27/2015, at New York Jets 26, New England 20. Who: Bill Belichick, New England. Why: 11-18 mph wind, largely ineffective offense, new overtime rules eliminating game-ending first-drive field goals. What had happened: New England tied the game with a touchdown with a touchdown with 1:53 left. What followed: The Jets completed a 48-yard catch-and-run to Quincy Enunwa on the second play of overtime. Three plays later, Eric Decker caught a 6-yard touchdown pass. Of note: Much like Abner Haynes, Patriots captain Matthew Slater started off by saying "We want to kick," costing them both the wind and the ball.
15. 9/25/2016, Miami 30, Cleveland 24. Who: Hue Jackson, Cleveland. Why: Offense led by third-string quarterback, new overtime rules eliminating game-ending first-drive field goals. What had happened: The Browns missed a potential game-winning 46-yard field goal on the last play of regulation, one of three field goals they'd miss in the game. What followed: The Dolphins failed to score on their first drive, but their punt pinned the Browns at their own 9. The Browns did little on their own drive, and a net 31 punt gave the Dolphins the ball at the Browns' 44. Three plays later, Jay Ajayi ran for the winning 11-yard touchdown. Of note: The Browns opted to kick rather than choosing a side of the field. (The gamebook notes a 16 mph wind coming from the East at kickoff, but Miami opted to defend the West end zone in overtime, so the wind may have shifted or died down.)
A recap: Number of times: 15 Number of wins: 8 Number of times the team kicking off never possessed the ball: 3 Number of Super Bowl-winning coaches to choose to kick off: 6 (Stram, Landry, Parcells, Ditka, Shanahan, Belichick)
The play-by-play simply states that "[t]hree more Cumberland plays were unsuccessful" on 2nd through 4th downs on Cumberland's first drive of the 3rd quarter. Multiple sources claim that Cumberland had 2 completions on 18 pass attempts for the game; making those plays incompletions would match the claimed statistics for the game.
Cumberland's first punt of the game (from their own 28) is given as "Donald punted 20 yards to Preas who returned 18 yards to the Cumberland 20", meaning that 10 yards are missing somewhere. I have decided to treat that as a 20-yard punt with a 28-yard return.
One Cumberland run and fumble is credited to [Unknown].
Two Georgia Tech fumble recoveries are credited to [Unknown].
The spot and return length of Jim Senter's mid-2nd-quarter interception are unknown.
Composite statistics are entirely taken from the re-created play-by-play. They are unlikely to exactly match those published elsewhere.
Georgia Tech ran for just 471 yards in the game, five fewer than they had in their opener against Alcorn State last year. (The school record is 604, set against Kansas in 2011.)
If the AJC play-by-play is accurate, Cumberland punted on 3rd and 1 from their own 44 early in the 2nd quarter. (Making this more inexplicable is that they passed on 3rd and 20 from their own 15 the previous drive.) This was as close as they got both to a first down and to advancing into Georgia Tech territory.
Cumberland chose to kick off after Georgia Tech touchdowns at 28-0, 35-0, 42-0, 56-0, and 154-0.
Many pre-1965 teams changed in-game quarterbacks on a frequent basis. As such, the starter was less important, and the starter could change on the coach's whim, with little to no pre- or post-game explanation. This pretty much ended by the early 1970s, with the Houston Oilers as perhaps the last holdout.
The number after a quarterback's name indicates the then-current number of stints he had as that team's starter.
"Ineffective" is a catch-all term used to designated non-injury-related poor play that caused the quarterback to be benched.
"*" designates the normal #1 quarterback regaining his starting spot after returning from injury/rest/suspension/holdout.
Some changes are footnoted, and further details are given underneath the team chart.
* Normal starter returned from injury/rest. 1 Green separated his shoulder during the 1961 preseason. 2 Kemp, recovering from a broken middle finger on his right hand, was claimed off waivers from the Chargers after Week 6. 3 Bills coach Joe Collier, angry over a 37-7 exhibition loss to Oilers, first fined every member of the team, then held a closed-to-the-media full contact scrimmage on Monday. Both Kemp and RB Gary McDermott were seriously injured in the scrimmage. Collier was fired two games into the season. 4 The Bills drafted Kelly in the first round in 1983, but he chose to sign with the USFL Houston Gamblers instead. The USFL folded in July 1986; Kelly signed with the Bills in August. 5 Bills coach Wade Phillips inexplicably decided to keep Johnson as the starter for the Wild Card game against the Titans. 6 Cassel played the first snap at QB with Taylor split out at WR, then went to the bench for the rest of the game.
* Normal starter returned from injury/rest. 1 The 1961 Patriots had no set starting quarterback; by midseason, they were alternating Parilli and Songin on every play. 2 Kapp originally signed what was termed a "memo agreement" spanning 3 years, $600,000 in 1970. When he refused to sign a standard NFL contract for the 1971 season, NFL commissioner Pete Rozelle ruled him ineligble and had him forced out of training camp. Kapp, who never played another NFL game, filed a breach-of-contract and antitrust lawsuit in 1972 against the NFL. He lost on all counts. 3 The "Toilet Bowl" pitted the 1-14 Colts against the 2-13 Patriots, with the loser getting the first pick in the 1982 draft. 4 Flutie led a comeback in relief Week 5 against the Colts. The Patriots used an increasingly Tebowesque offense over the next nine weeks, culminating in a 55 rush/10 pass game against the Seahawks.
New York Titans (1960-1962) / New York Jets (1963-2015):
* Normal starter returned from injury/rest. 1 Robinson injured his thumb shortly before the season opener while play-wrestling with a teammate. He then compounded the problem by a) not telling coach Walt Michaels
until a day or two before the game, when it was too late to get the backup QB ready; b) lying to Michaels and the media that he hurt his
thumb while trying to turn a doorknob just as someone was entering fromthe other side; and c) throwing a wobbly interception with 30 seconds
left in overtime, turning a tie into a loss. Robinson never took another snap with the Jets and was traded to the Broncos a month after the season ended. 2 Ryan was concussed during the first half of the Week 13 game against the Dolphins, but was not replaced until the middle of the third quarter. The Jets team doctor was the infamous Elliot Pellman. 3 Esiason was concussed after Bruce Smith ran past false-starting Jets' left tackle Everett McIver. No whistle was blown. 4 Smith's jaw was broken when teammate IK Enemkpali punched him in a locker-room dispute over unrepaid debt. The Jets immediately released Enemkpali.